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Halawa Cemetery, Circa approximately
NO name of ship, branch of
service, mention of WWII, date of death.
Beginning of A Second Tragedy
Raymond Emory, Historian, Pearl Harbor Survivors
Association, discovered through his extensive research, that all
known information supplied by the Army by the United States Navy
in 1947, had been omitted from the Army Quarter Master Corps
(QMC-14) forms in the Punchbowl office.
White crosses in U.S. Navy cemeteries, such as the one
shown at the top of this page, were stenciled with
'Unidentified', the name of the ship and the date of death. The
Army decided unknown was enough on the flat grave markers
The following statistics reveal the results of Mr. Emory's
647 Unknown 7 December 1941
casualties are mingled in 252 grave sites.
106 sites marked Unknown, no date of death, contain 294
146 sites marked Unknown, with date of death, 7 December
1941 contain 353 remains. The 14 Army Air Force Unknown
casualties are in this group.
| No name of ship. No branch of
service. No World War II. No date of death on 106 grave sites. No
division/unit where available. For Example: during salvage efforts on
the sunken USS Arizona BB-39, 31 remains were recovered from the Number
Two Turret and are now mingled in 12 grave sites in Punchbowl. Remains
of one body were recovered, during salvage from the Number Four Turret.
While researching the USS Arizona Salvage Records, in the summer of
1993, Lorraine Marks-Haislip located a notation that a body was
recovered from the Number Four Turret and turned over to the hospital.
Ray Emory's April 18, 1993 computer printout did not indicate that Q1163
contained the remains from the Number Four Turret, so Mrs. Haislip
called him. His immediate reaction was "How did I miss that."
Mrs. Haislip later determined the remains had to be the brother of
Joseph Campbell, President of the USS Arizona Reunion Association, Inc.
He was the only crewman unaccounted for from the Fourth Division. Joe
Campbell requested the remains be exhumed for DNA testing and provided
pertinent documents to CILHI. He is still waiting.
Mr. Emory located the original Navy official NAV/MED HF-38 hand
written burial ledger in the Naval Historical Center. Mrs. Haislip
located the 31 original official Navy casualty recovery reports, that
emanated from the 14th Naval Districts Commandants Office, Pearl Harbor
Navy Yard, in the National Archives in August 1993. Using these
documents, Mr. Emory was able to confirm the following statistics:
|USS ARIZONA 124 unidentified;
124 bodies in 74 grave sites
||USS CALIFORNIA 22
unidentified; 22 bodies in 22 grave sites
|USS CURTISS 1 unidentified; 1
body in 1 grave site
||USS NEVADA 2 unidentified; 2
bodies in 2 grave sites
|USS OKLAHOMA 381
unidentified; 381 bodies in 45 grave sites
||PEARL HARBOR 56 unidentified;
56 bodies in 54 grave sites
|USS UTAH 14 unidentified; 14
bodies in 7 grave sites
||USS West Virginia 33
unidentified; 33 bodies in 33 grave sites
|US ARMY AIR FORCE 14
unidentified; 14 bodies in 14 grave sites
| Three of the 252
unknown 7 December 1941 flat granite grave markers, shown above,
were installed in Punchbowl by the Army American Graves
Registration Service (AAGRS) beginning in 1949. 238 markers were
void of all official Navy burial data. Mr. Emory's research
determined that 14 unknown grave sites were Army Air Force
fatalities. The Army had been given jurisdiction over the
reburials of casualties in the national cemeteries in August
Prior to 1968 and five years preceding the enactment of the
1973 National Cemetery Act, Congress investigated and questioned
the Army's administration of the national cemeteries.
The 1973 Act, Chapter 24, Cemeteries and Memorials, 38
2404, Transfer of Functions, Section 6, of Public Law 93-43
provided that sub-section (a) Jurisdiction (1) There are hereby
tranferred from the Secretary of the Army to the
Veterans Administration (VA) all jurisdiction over, and
responsiblity for (A) all National Cemeteries with a few
exceptions. Sub-section (b) confirms that 'personnel;property;records;
and unexpended funds' were to be transferred to the
Administrator of Veterans Affairs.
Mrs. Haislip then requested the then new DVA Secretary,
Hershel Gober, to replace those weathered unknown markers with
new granite 'unidentified' markers engraved with all data
verified by the Navy.
Only when the Unknown grave markers in Punchbowl are
removed and replaced with new granite markers engraved
with Unidentified (not unknown) and all verified facts, will the
647 unidentified 7 December 1941 casualties mingled in just 252
grave sites, be accorded the Respect and Dignity they earned
over 59 years ago when killed by the Japanese aggressor.
The verified number of remains in each grave along with the
grave site number can be added when the new granite
markers are engraved.
Finally, the Honor, denied by the U.S. Army, will be
restored to the final resting place of so few who gave so much
in defense of their country at Pearl Harbor!
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Copyright © 2002-2015 Lorraine Marks-Haislip